is the most common cause of kidney failure. High levels of blood sugar (glucose) in people with diabetes can damage the small blood vessels in the nephrons (called glomeruli) and cause the kidneys to fail. Review your blood sugar levels each time you visit your nurse or doctor. Know your numbers.
or hypertension can also damage the small blood vessels in the filters of your kidneys, causing them to fail. High blood pressure contributes to kidney failure in 25% of patients. Medication, healthy diet, and exercise are ways to keep your blood pressure in a healthy range to protect your kidneys. Write down your blood pressure each time you visit your nurse or doctor.
Lupus (a disease of the immune system), polycystic kidney disease (multiple cysts in the kidneys), and glomerulonephritis (an inflammation of the kidney's filtering mechanism) are just some of the other diseases than can lead to kidney failure.
Injury or trauma from an accident, and poisons, such as street drugs or large quantities of certain over-the-counter medicines can result in acute kidney failure.